Students need to have an
integrated approach alongwith having an overview of the whole syllabus when they
prepare for both the papers of Psychology.
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Questions in paper I can be based on
information from paper II and vice versa. For example a question in attitude
will have link with communication and prejudice (paper II) and vice versa.
A D V E R T I S E M E N T
Important portions in Paper I
as a Science: Definitions and perspective. Psychology in relation to other
social and natural sciences. Use of interdisciplinary approach
Methods of Psychology: Characteristics and components of methods in
psychology (induction, deduction and introspection). Observation, survey,
laboratory and field experiments. Clinical and case study.
Development of Human Behaviour: The nature, origin and development. Role
of genetic and environmental factors in determining human behaviour. Influence
of cultural factors and socialisation. Life span development-the critical
periods and their handling, Mastery of the developmental tasks.
Learning: Concepts and theories of learning (Pavlov, Skimer and Piaget).
The processes of extinction, discrimination and generalisation. Programmed
learning, probability learning, self-instructional learning, concepts, types and
the schedules of reinforcement.
Memory: Concepts and definition of memory and forgetting, 7+/-2 concept
and clumking encoding, storage and retrieval. Factors influencing retention and
foregetting. Theories of forgetting (Repression, Decay and I n te r fe re n ce
theories). The concept of reminiscence
Thinking and Problem Solving
: Concept formation processes. Reasoning and problem solving. Creative
thinking and fostering creativity. Information processing. Decision making and
Intelligence and Aptitude: Concept and definition of Intelligence and
aptitude, Nature and theories of intelligence. Measurement of Intelligence and
Attitudes, Values and Interests: Definitions, concepts of attitudes,
values and interests. Components of attitudes, values and interests. Formation
and maintenance of attitudes. Measurement of attitudes, values and interests.
Psychological Measurement of
Individual Difference: The nature of individual differe n ce s.
Characteristics and construction of standardised psychological tests. Types of
Therapeutic Approaches: Psychodynamic therapies. Behaviour therapies.
Clientcentered therapy. Cognitive therapies. Indigenous therapies (Yoga, Reiki,
Meditation) Biofeedback therapy.
Work Psychology and Organisational Behaviour: Personnel selection and
training. Use of psychological tests in the industry. Training and human
resource development. Theories of work motivation.
Community Psychology: Definition and concept of Community Psychology.
Role of community psychologists in social change. Use of small groups in social
action. Arousing community consciousness and action for handling social
problems. Group decision making and leadership for social change
Application of Psychology to
disadvantaged groups: The concepts of disadvantaged, deprivation and
socially deprived. Social, physical, cultural and economic consequences of
disadvantaged and deprived groups. Educating and motivating the disadvantaged
Psychological and the problem of social integration: The concept of
social integration. The problem of caste, class, religion and language conflicts
and prejudice. Nature and manifestation of prejudice between the ingroup and
outgroup. Casual factors of such conflicts and prejudices.
Other applications of psychology: Sports psychology - improving
performance of sports, personnel, psychology and understanding of political
Don't exceed limit in
Try to make the
introduction catchy while answering short and long questions. Students
should use real-life examples to make the answers lively
Highlight the important
points Short sentences should be order of the day. Conclusion should consist
gist of entire discussion
Make a framework of the
answer like what would you write in the lead paragraph, body text and the
conclusion before you proceed with writing the answer
Time management is key and
candidates should ensure that they have atleast 25 minutes on hand before
they attempt the last question