Looking for Previous Year IAS Papers? Download now free!
You will be auto-sent a link to download the IAS Past Papers & Model Papers when you join the IAS Free Training Group

Home | Downloads | Careers | Books |IAS Online TutorialsIAS online Tutorials | Advertise Advertise| Contact Us | About Us | ForumForum| Link to usLink to us
Login Friday, July 1, 2022

IAS Resources
About IAS
IAS Preparation
IAS Careers
IAS Syllabus
IAS Online Tutorials
IAS Free Online Exam
Indian Forest Service
Indian Engineering Service
Indian Foreign Service
Indian Police Service
Record and Opinion
Books and Links
Free Downloads

 Home » Tutorials » Geography » Human Geography » The People

The People



Humans occupy the core of human geography. Being producers, creators and consumers of resources, they influence and at times alter the environment. Before we study how do they influence the physical environment through their economic activities, let us know about the human population itself – number, distribution, density, growth and demographic structure.

(more content follows the advertisement below)

Although distribution and growth of human population are influenced greatly by the physical environment, they have a tremendous capacity to adjust in a variety of environmental conditions. As such, the study of numbers, densities and qualities of population help in analysing the demographic processes and their consequences in an environmental context.


Humans have inhabited the earth for several thousands of years, but for a long period, their numbers remained limited. It is only during last few hundred years that the human population has increased at an alarming rate The world, at the beginning of twenty-first century, recorded over 6 billion population. It had quadrupled from 1.6 billion just in one century. We are adding about 82 million people each year. In fact, human population increased more than ten times during past 500 years.

Human population is spread unevenly across the continents. Why do a few areas support large concentration of human population while vast areas support few people or none at all? It is mainly due to a large number of factors that have influenced the distribution and growth of population over the earth’s surface.

Factors Influencing Population Distribution

Physical Factors

The physical characteristics play a dominant role in the distribution and density of population on the earth’s surface. Relief, climate, soil , natural vegetation, water, mineral resources are some of the important physical factors. Mountainous and rugged terrain are inhospitable to humans. Favourable physical environment has always been preferred. Desert lands of West Asia and Egypt, thousands of years ago, had highly productive agricultural landscapes because of the famous river valleys — the Tigris, the Euphrates and , the Nile, which gave rise to early civilisations. In general, plains, humid climates, fertile soils, and long growing seasons are marked with high density of population, while lands with harsh or difficult climates and poor soil have low density. Human modification of the physical environment has, however, greatly altered the pattern of population distribution.

Cultural Factors

The culture of people also plays an important role in the population distribution. Traditions and behaviours associated with common ancestry, religion and language tend to influence population concentrations and dispersals. For example, the concentration of people of different nationalities such as the Germans, the Spanish, the French and the Chinese in different parts of the USA clearly reflects the preferences of people because of cultural links and associations.

Economic Factors

People may move from an area as a result of one or more push factors, such as, difficult economic conditions, unemployment, religious, ethnic or political intolerance, conflicts and wars. On the other hand, pull factors, such as improved economic opportunities, may attract people to a place. A combination of such push and pull factors is evident in the settlement patterns that has emerged in the world today. More than one million Irish migrated to North America after the 1846 potato famine in their homeland. Once immigrants obtained inexpensive farmland or jobs in factories, news of plentiful job opportunities travelled to Europe and Asia through friends and relatives. The stream of immigrants, thus, started. Movement of a large number of computer professionals from India to the USA and other developed countries is also one of such examples.

Discussion Center



Feedback/ Suggestion

Yahoo Groups

Sirfdosti Groups

Contact Us

Members Login Here!

Forgot Password?
New User? Register!
Toppers View

Get 9,000+ Interview Questions & Answers in an eBook. Interview Question & Answer Guide
  • 9,000+ Interview Questions
  • All Questions Answered
  • 5 FREE Bonuses
  • Free Upgrades


IAS Exam, IAS 2022, IAS 2023 Training, IAS 2021 Papers and Solutions, IAS Preparation & Related Pages

IAS Forum | Civil Services | IAS Overview | How to Prepare for IAS | IAS Eligibility Criteria | IAS Exam Pattern | IAS Exam Syllabus | IAS Application Form Centers | Sections Under IAS Examinations | Postings of an IAS Officer | Method of Making Notes | Style of Answering Questions | Time Management | IAS Regulations | Cut off Marks in IAS | Training Institutes for IAS | IAS Tips | Time Table for IAS 2022 Exam | Calendar for IAS 2022 Exam | Top Scorers in IAS Exam | Post Offices for IAS Exam Form | Sample IAS Exam Paper | IAS Current Affairs | Career in IAS | Jobs Offered in IAS | Nature of Work | Interview Tips for IAS | Interview Techniques for IAS | IAS Syllabus | IAS Preparation Strategy | IAS Model Notification | Daily / Periodicals for IAS | Art and Craft | IAS Tutorials | IAS Tutorials for Agriculture | IAS Tutorials for Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science | IAS Tutorials for Botany | IAS Tutorials for Chemistry | IAS Tutorials for Economics | IAS Tutorials for Essay | IAS Tutorials for Geography | IAS Tutorials for Geology | IAS Tutorials for Indian History | IAS Tutorials for Physics | IAS Tutorials for Psychology | IAS Tutorials for Sociology | IAS Tutorials for Zoology | Previous Years Test Papers for IAS | IAS Mock Exam | Current Affairs for IAS | IFS - Indian Forest Services | IFS - Indian Forest Services Examination Plan | IFS - Indian Forest Services General Instructions | IFS - Indian Forest Services - List of Head Post Offices | IFS - Indian Forest Services Special Instructions | IES - Indian Engineering Service | IES - Indian Engineering Service Model Notification | IES - Indian Engineering Service General Instructions | IES - Indian Engineering Service Examination Plan | IFS - Indian Foreign Service | IFS - Indian Foreign Service - Selection & Training | Career in IFS - Indian Foreign Service | IPS - Indian Police Service - Modern Ranks and Rank Badges | IPS - Indian Police Service in History | IPS - Indian Police Service - External Resources | Reward of Brilliance | Deputation | Civil Lines | IAS Toppers Opinion | Renumeration in IAS | AKHAND PRATAP SINGH - IAS Topper | Anay Dwivedi - IAS Topper | Anupama - IAS Topper | D DIVYA - IAS Topper | Divyadharshini - IAS Topper | Divyadharshini Shanmugam - IAS Topper | Dr Sumit Seth - IAS Topper | GAGAN - IAS Topper | Garima Mittal - IAS Topper | GARIMA MITTAL - IAS Topper | Iqbal Dhalibal - IAS Topper | Iva Sahay - IAS Topper | JAI PRAKASH MAURYA - IAS Topper | Karthik Adapa - IAS Topper | Mangesh Kumar - IAS Topper | Manish Ranjan - IAS Topper | Muthyala Raju Revu - IAS Topper | Nila Mohan - IAS Topper | Pankaj Dwivedi - IAS Topper | PC Vinoj Kumar - IAS Topper | Prasad Praladh Akkanouru - IAS Topper | Prince Dhawan - IAS Topper | R V Varun Kumar - IAS Topper | RAVI DHAWAN - IAS Topper | Roopa Mishra - IAS Topper | Rukmani Riar - IAS Topper | SASWATI DEY - IAS Topper | Saswati Dey - IAS Topper | Shah faesal - IAS Topper | Shena Agrawal - IAS Topper | Sorabh Babu Maheshwari - IAS Topper | Sweta Mohanty - IAS Topper | TANVI SUNDRIYAL - IAS Topper | Vijayalakshmi Bidari - IAS Topper | IAS Books | SSC Exam Pattern | CDSC Exam Pattern | NDA Exam Pattern | GA - General Awareness Exam Pattern | PG - Post Graduate Exam Pattern |
Copyright © 2022. One Stop IAS.com. All rights reserved Privacy Policies | Terms and Conditions | About Us
Our Portals : Free eBooks | Interview Questions | IndiaJobForum | Free Classifieds | Vyoms | One Stop FAQs | One Stop GATE | One Stop GRE | One Stop IAS | One Stop MBA | Free SAP Training | One Stop Testing | Web Hosting | Sirf Dosti | Your Project Code | Cook Book Global | Tests World | Clean Jokes | Vyom | Vyom eBooks | Vyom Links | Vyom World | Shayari | C Interview Questions | C++ Interview Questions | Send Free SMS | Placement Papers | SMS Jokes | CAT 2022 Notification