For short notes, these
are the important sections in paper I:
(more content follows the advertisement below)
A D V E R T I S E M E N T
To prepare for the long
questions in paper I, students are required to thoroughly prepare Pioneering
contributions to Sociology. This includes
Karl Marx: Historical
materialism, mode of production, alienation and class struggle.
Emile Durham: Division of
labour, social fact, religion and society.
Max Weber: Social action,
ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of
Talcott Parsons: Social
system, pattern variables.
Robert K Merton: Latent and
manifest functions, anomie, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
While revising Pioneering
contributions to Sociology', students need to focus on areas like socio-economic
and political background, views of thinkers, their analysis, contemporary
perspective and evolution. The section on `Pioneering contributions to
Sociology' is the most important part of paper I. It helps to understand the
theoretical inferences of paper II. So, if you are thorough with this section,
it will be easier for candidates to get a gist of sections like Social
Stratification, Economic System, Political System, Educational System, Social
Movements and Social Change and Development.
Candidates are required to understand argumentative aspect of thinkers like Karl
Marx, Emile Durham, Max Weber, Talcott Parsons, Robert K Merton, with an eye to
use their arguments in other sections of paper I. The theoretical inference of
these thinkers need to be carried forward in paper II wherever required.
For long questions, students need to focus on topics such as Pioneering
Contributions to Sociology, Marriage and Family, Social Stratification and
Mobility, Political System, Social Movements and Social Change and Development.
Students who can thoroughly focus on these sections are expected to answer 70%
of queries in paper I. They should, however, have an overall view of the paper
with focus on emerging trends like education, religion and economic
While preparing for this paper,
students should ensure that they should not confine their preparation in terms
of different sections. They need to focus on interrelation between different
topics. Students need to have an analytical eye with focus on continuity and
change. Like, despite so many changes, why caste system is still prevalent in
our country. Or, despite the break-up of the joint family system, the mentality
of joint family still exists among Indians.
For short notes, the important sections are:
For long questions, the
important sections are:
Apart from these, students need
to keep an eye on sections like Caste System, Agrarian Social Structure and
Tribal Societies. You can always have short or long questions from these three
sections. Paper II actually works like mathematics and it is a high-scoring
There are many topics in paper II which seem to be essay-type. But in Sociology,
they need to be approached through sociological perspectives. Suppose you are
asked a question on poverty, this can have theoretical inferences. You need to
give empirical or sociological or case studies examples to analyse the topics.
Writing Short notes:
You need to directly start
answering the question. Avoid flowery language with an eye on all perspectives
while answering the question
Perspectives which have been
asked needs to be kept in view while answering the question. Theoretical
dimension are to be substantiated with analysis.