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Home » IAS Sample Papers » Psychology Sample Papers » IAS-Psychology Sample Paper3(Prelims)

IAS-Psychology Sample Paper3(Prelims)

A D V E R T I S E M E N T
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1. Which one of the following is designated as the final common pathway?
a. The alpha motor neuron
b. The dorsal root ganglion
c. The Thalamus
d. The spinal nerve

2. Which one of the following is secreted by most of the post gangalionic neurons of the sympathetic nervous system?
a. Acetylcholine
b. Epinephrine
c. Norepinephrine
d. Dopamine

3. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of circulation of blood in the
human body?
a. Arteries – arterioles – capillaries –venules – veins
b. Capillaries – arterioles -arteries –venules – veins
c. Capillaries – arteries – arterioles –venules – neins
d. Arterioles – arteries – venules – veins– capillaries

4. Language function is associated with which of the following
a. Non dominant part of frontal lobe,dominant temporal and perietal lobes
b. Dominant perisylvian, frontal and temporal lobes and non dominant perietal lobe
c. Non dominant part of parietal lobe only
d. Dominant perisylvian parts of frontal,temporal and parietal lobes

5. Which two endocrine glands secrete their hormones in response to neural stimuli?
a. Pituitary gland and adrenal medulla
b. Pituitary gland and thymine
c. Adrenal medulla and thyroid gland
d. Adrenal medulla and parathyroid gland

6. Thymus gland helps in which one of the following?
a. Growth of bones
b. General growth of body
c. Development of immunity
d. Growth of brain

7. A mentally sound person developed auditory, visual and olfactory hallucinations. He is likely to have a lesion in which one of the following?
a. Left
occipito temporal area
b. Right/left temporal lobes
c. Right parieto occipital area
d. Right parieto temporal area

8. Due to right hemisphere lesion, left handed person will have:
a. Low frequency of oral and written language disturbance
b. Moderate frequency of written language disturbance only
c. High frequency of oral language disturbance only
d. High frequency of oral and written language disturbance

9. Which is the correct sequence of the conversion tasks in order of their appearance in children?
a. Number-Length- Mass- Weight-Volume
b. Length – Number- Weight – Mass-Volume
c. Number – Weight- Length – Volume-Mass
d. Length – Weight – Number – Volume– Mass

10. Consider the following statements:The mechanistic model of child development focuses on:
1. relationship between environmental input and behavioral output
2. hot internal structure exert control over development
3. evolutionary origins of behaviour
4. quantitative increase in learned responses
Which of the statement given above are correct?
a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 4 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

11. The ability of one individual to influence the outcomes obtained by the other, is known as:
a. Reciprocity
b. Normative formulation
c. Inequity
d. Social power

12. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below
the list:
List I
(Concept)
A. Top-down processing
B. Pre-attentive processing
C. Bottom-up processing
D. Focussed processing
List II
(Meaning)

1. Little or no conscious effort in perceiving
2. Perception being guided by higher level knowledge
3. Paying attention to particular feature of an object
4. Processing information about the individual contents of the stimuli
Code:
A B C D
a. 2 4 1 3
b. 3 1 4 2
c. 2 1 4 3
d. 3 4 1 2

13. Which one of the following is the correct sequence involved in perceptual processes?
a. Transformation of physical energy into nerve impulse – Detection of stimulus– perceptual response- Mediating process
b. Detection of stimulus – Mediating process- Transformation of physical energy into nerve impulse - Perceptual response
c. Detection of stimulus – Perceptual response – Transformation of physical energy into nerve impulse – Mediating process
d. Detection of stimulus –Transformation of physical energy into nerve impulse – Mediating process –Perceptual response

14. Which one of the following statements regarding features detectors is not correct?
a. They respond only to a very specific aspect of stimulus
b. They are single nervous found in the CNS/sense organs
c. They are involved in pattern recognition
d. They are fist order neurons involved in sensory perception

15. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below
the list:
List I
(Perceptual Constancy)
A. Brightness Constancy
B. Shape Constancy
C. Size Constancy
D. Relative size Constancy
List II
(Statement)
1. Seeing a friend you are meeting from a distance
2. Seeing distance object like cars, trees and people as normal
3. Seeing coin as round even when flipped into air
4. Perceiving sweater as dark, green,whether indoor or outdoor
A B C D
a. 4 3 1 2
b. 3 4 2 1
c. 4 3 1 2
d. 4 3 2 1

16. According to event processing hypothesis of time perception, which one of the following statements is correct?
a. The basis of time perception is biological
b. Filled time a perceived shorter than unfilled time
c. Short time intervals are overestimated as compared to long time intervals
d. Perception of time depends upon the stimulus changes that have been experienced in that time interval

17. A person memorizes the telephone number of '222766' after organzing it as 'triple
two, seven double six'.Which of the following mnemonic devices is used by the person to memorize the number?
a. Link system
b. Loci system
c. Acronym
d. Chunking

18. An individual memorizes a list of objects after associating each object with a number, say one to twenty. Whenever, he is required to recall a particular item, say fifteenth item, he just remembers the item associated with the object previously paired with the number fifteen.Which of the following mnemonic devices is used by the individual in memorizing the object?
a. Pegword
b. Acronym
c. Link
d. Imagery

19. According to Goldstein and Scherer, braininjured patient is unable to set the hands of a clock to a certain hour because he cannot
a. Assume a mental set
b. Use language in a fluent number
c. Have effective motor coordination
d. Learn to do so

20. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
Phenomenon Cause
A. Tendency to think of an object only in terms of its typical use : Functional fixedness
B. Ability to generate unusual responses to problems : Divergent thinking
C. Awareness of the relationship among various elements: Convergent thinking
D. Cognitive short-curs that can lead the way to solution suddenly: Heuristics


21. Which one of the following statements is not correct?
a. Language comprehension follows language production for a child
b. Language comprehension preceded language production for a child
c. Language comprehension starts around 1 year for a child
d. Child builds up a small vocabulary by the age of 2 years

22. Noam Chomsky introduced the hypothetical mechanism for a language acquisition based on:
a. Cognitive principles
b. Generative grammar
c. Language programming
d. Grammatical rules

23. What is solving a problem by trying to reduce the difference between the current
state and the goal state known as?
a. Syllogistic analysis
b. Means – end analysis
c. Insightful learning
d. Creative thinking

24. Creative thinking refers to which one of the following?
a. Thinking which is characterized by bringing together or synthesizing of information
b. A cognition strategy consisting largely of continual checking and testing possible solution to one's work
c. Thinking that is characterized by a process of moving away in various directions, a diverging of ideas to encompass a variety of relevant aspects d. An experiencing of thoughts as though they were not one's own but matters were inserted into one's mind

25. Certain types of intelligence decline with age while others do not. Which one of the
following is the type that improves or holds its own through adulthood?
a. Fluid intelligence
b. General intelligence
c. Crystallized intelligence
d. Group factors

26. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below
the list:
List I
(Type of intelligence)
A. Emotional intelligence
B. Fluid intelligence
C. Intrapersonal intelligence
D. Componential intelligence
List II
(Psychologist)
1. Raymond Cattell
2. Robert Sternberg
3. Daniel Goleman
4. Howard Gardner
A B C D
a. 3 2 4 1
b. 4 1 3 2
c. 3 1 4 2
d. 4 2 3 1

27. Acute psychological stress leads to which one of the following?
a. Physiological reaction
b. Adjustment mechanism
c. Psychotic reaction
d. Withdrawal

28. According to Seligman, which of the following characteristics and dimensions of learned pessimism?
1. Personalization
2. Prediction
3. Permanence

4. Pervasiveness
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a. 1, 3 and 4 only
b. 1 and 2 only
c. 2, 3 and 4 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

29. Which of the following coping behaviours are adopted by an optimist?
1. Problem focused coping
2. Suppressing competition
3. Seeking social support
4. Concentration on the expression of feeling
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a. 1, 3 and 4 only
b. 1, 2, and 3 only
c. 1 and

30. Which of the following factors influence a person's vulnerability to stress?
1. Temperament
2. Available social support
3. Self-concept
4. Coping skills
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a. 2 and 4 only
b. 1, 3 and 4 only
c. 1, 2 and 3 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

31. Consider the following steps taken during cognitive behavior therapy for a man suffering from tension headaches:
1. Record one's feelings, thoughts and behaviour before, during and following the event
2. Identify expectations or beliefs that might explain the headache reactions,
3. Keep a record of occurrence of headaches and rate severity and circumstances.
4. Try to change something about the situation or his way of thinking or his behaviour.
Which is the correct order of steps given above ?
a. 3 - 1 - 2 - 4
b. 3 - 2 - 1 - 4
c. 2 - 1 - 4 - 3
d. 2 - 3 - 4 - 1

32. Which one of the following is not a function of shared attitudes ?
a. Defining a social group
b. Establishing identities
c. Requiring one to behave in a particular way
d. Guiding one as to how people think and feel

33. What does the Realistic Conflict theory hold ?
a. Psychological conflict is at the heart of prejudice
b. Conflict over resources causes prejudice
c. Faulty cognitive processing causes conflict
d. Group pressures cause conflict

34. According to Zajonc's studies, mere exposure to something leads to which one of the following ?
a. Indifference
b. Hostility
c. Curiosity
d. Liking

35. What do the judgements concerning the question of whether another person's behaviour is caused primarily by internal or external factors, reflect ?
a. Social perception
b. Causal attribution
c. Modulating
d. Stereotyping

36. 'Disorders stem primarily from irrational beliefs'.
Which one of the therapeutic models follows the assumption given above ?
a. Systematic desensitisation
b. Cognitive restructuring
c. Free association
d. Modelling

37. Consider the following case :Mr. X suffers from tic-like involuntary movements of the face, mouth and shoulder which may be irreversible, Mr. X suffers from which one of the following ?
a. Dysthymia
b. Dyskinesia
c. Dyslexia
d. Dyscalculia

38. Suppose a stress reduction training programme for security guards in a shopping mall is to be conducted. In which sequence should the following be administered ?
1. Job analysis
2. Interview
3. Training
4. Administering stress perception questionnaire
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
a. 1 - 3 - 4 - 2
b. 4 - 2 - 1 - 3
c. 1 - 2 - 4 - 3
d. 4 - 3 - 1 - 2

39. A motor coordination test was scored in terms of deviation scores. Chetan's score
was +5, Varun's score was -12 and Aastha scored 0. Mean of the group was 80, What was the raw score of Aastha ?
a. 85
b. 82
c. 80
d. 68

40. A girl's fear of cars was overcome by forcing her into the back seat of a car and driving her around for four hours. Which one of the following therapies was used ?
a. Implosion therapy
b. Flooding
c. Stimulus augmentation
d. Systematic desensitisation

41. Which one of the following is not an auditory cue for localising sound source ?
a. Binaural time difference
b. Binaural distance difference
c. Binaural phase difference
d. Binaural intensity difference

42. Which is the correct chronological sequence of the following events in the
history of modem psychology ?
1. Freud published The Interpretation of Dreams'.
2. William James published 'Principles of Psychology',
3. Wilhelm Wundt established a psychology laboratory at Leipzig University.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
a. 1 - 2 - 3
b. 3 - 2 - 1
c. 2 - l - 3
d. 1 - 3 - 2

43. Learned helplessness stems from which one of the following?
a. Social distancing of the individual
b. Exposure to situations in which there is no possibility of escape or avoidance
c. Encroachment of another individual on the personal space of a person
d. Inadequate social interaction




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