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Home » IAS Sample Papers » Psychology Sample Papers » IAS-Psychology Sample Paper (Prelims)

IAS-Psychology Sample Paper (Prelims)


1. Suppose an individual tends to be solitary and lacks feelings for others. He is also likely  to be insensitive, aggressive and hostile. If Eysenck's Personality Questionaire is administered to such an individual, which one of the following will he score high on ?
a. Extraversion
b. Introversion
c. Neuroticism
d. Psychoticism

2. Which one of the following is a major assessment method used by humanistic psychologists?
a. Q sort
b. Self report
c. Projective
d. Case study

3. Which one of the following statements gives the best description of the term Cathexis?
a. Psychic energy manifested by the life instinct
b. The drive for ensuring the survival of  the species
c. An investment of psychic energy in an object or person
d. The unconscious drive towards decay or destruction

4. Which one of the following statements is correct?
A relative lack of effect in interpersonal relationships; lack of concern with conventional morality and low ideological commitment are some of the characteristics of persons, who are a. High on need for achievement
b. High on need for power
c. Low on need for affiliation
d. High on Machiavellism

5. What is the correct sequence of the following in the development of personality?
1. Ego identity versus Role confusion.
2. Generativity versus Stagnation.
3. Ego integrity versus Despair.
4. Intimacy versus Isolation.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
a. 1-4-2-3
b. 2-3-1-4
c. 1-3-2-4
d. 2-4-1-3

6. Which one of the following psychosocial characteristic is developed after resolving
the conflict created by trust and mistrust?
a. Competency
b. Hope
c. Purpose
d. Willpower

7. An experimenter interested in understanding the behaviour of rhesus monkeys removes the amygdale from the blimbic system. As a result of amygdalectomy the monkey would show an increase in which one of the following?
a. Fear
b. Aggression
c. Anxiety
d. Taming effect

8. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given
below the lists :
A. Allport
B. Adler
C. Fromm
D. Sullivan
1. The self system
2. Productive orientation
3. Functional fixedness
4. Functional autonomy
5. Fictional finalism
a. A-4 B-1 C-2 D-5
b. A-2 B-5 C-3 D-1
c. A-4 B-5 C-2 D-1
d. A-2 B-1 C-3 D-5

9. When motives become independent of their origin, what is the phenomenon known as?
a. Self actualization
b. Maturation
c. Functional autonomy
d. Independence

10. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :
A. Rokeach
B. Osgood
C. Chomsky
D. Festinger
1. Psycho linguistics
2. Semantic differential
3. Cognitive dissonance
4. Dogmatism
a. A-4 B-1 C-2 D-3
b. A-3 B-2 C-1 D-4
c. A-4 B-2 C-1 D-3
d. A-3 B-1 C-2 D-4

11. Retroactive inhibition is must pronounced when the first and the second task has
a. Stimulus similarity and response similarity
b. Stimulus similarity and response dissimilarity
c. Stimulus dissimilarity and response similarity
d. Stimulus dissimilarity and response dissimilarity

12. For any value of motivation for success except zero, what is the probability of
success when tendency for success is maximal?
a. 1.00
b. 0.75
c. 0.50
d. 0.25

13. Which one of the following statements is correct? Improvements in nutrition of the
expectant mothers or improvements in obstetrical care can directly improve the child's
a. General intelligence
b. Fluid intelligence
c. Crystallized intelligence
d. Specific intelligence

14. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given
below the lists :
List-I (Phenomenon)
A. Over-extension
B. Under-extension
C. Holophrastic
D. Telegraphic speech
List-II (Explanation)
1. The use of single word to represent whole phrase or sentence
2. The tendency to apply a word to more objects or actions than it actually represents
3. Speech marked by reliance on nouns and verbs, while omitting other parts of speech including articles and prepositions
4. The tendency to apply a word to fewer object or action than it actually represents
a. A-2 B-4 C-1 D-3
b. A-1 B-3 C-2 D-4
c. A-2 B-3 C-1 D-4
d. A-1 B-4 C-2 D-3

15. Comparative psychologists conduct detailed study of animal behaviour in their natural settings. Activities are observed recorded and counted as they occur under
the natural circumstances. In what form can this type of behavioural description be
best presented?
a. Ethogram
b. Sociogram
c. Scattergram
d. Histogram

16. To test linguistic relativity hypothesis, a relationship between which one of the following pairs is demonstrated by the experiment 'on the effect of labels on recall'?
a. Codability and cognition
b. Communicability and cognition
c. Language and memory
d. Language and thinking

17. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
a. Graham Wallas : Productive thinking
b. Max Wertheimer : Thinking as implicit behaviour
c. John Watson : Creative thinking
d. Oswald kulpe : Imageless thought

18. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :
List-I (Scale)
A. Age Scale
B. Point Scale
C. Group Verbal Scale
D. Developmental Scale
List-II (Test)
2. The Army Alpha Test
3. Bayley Scale
4. The Standard Binet Test
5. The Army Beta Test
a. A-2 B-1 C-5 D-3
b. A-4 B-3 C-2 D-1
c. A-2 B-3 C-5 D-1
d. A-4 B-1 C-2 D-3

19. After learning to find out the area of a parallelogram, a child is able to find out
the area of trapezoids. What is the process of his learning an illustration of ?
a. Classical conditioning
b. Insightful learning
c. Associative learning
d. Transfer of learning

20. Which of the following functions are commonly associated with the dominant hemisphere?
1. Speech production
2. Speech comprehension
3. Attention
4. Spatial functions
5. Temporal order
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
a. 1, 2 and 4 onlyb. 3, 4 and 5 only
c. 2, 3 and 4 only
d. 1, 2 and 5 only

21. Which one of the following hormones plays the greatest role in aggression?
a. Aldosterone
b. Testosterone
c. Oestrogen
d. Progesterone

22. It is recognized that effects of many genes are not manifested at birth but appear over passage of time.Which of the following are examples of the above phenomenon ?
1. Huntington's chorea
2. Down's syndrome
3. Cerebral palsy
4. Baldness
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
a. 1 and 4 only
b. 1 and 2 only
c. 2 and 3 only
d. 3 and 4 only

23. A person suffers damage to the occipital lobe in the right hemisphere of brain
during an accident. What will be the effect of this damage on the person ?
a. He will suffer loss of vision in the left visual field
b. He will lose ability to understand spoken words
c. He will lose ability to write
d. He will lose ability to read

24. When is Androgrynous personality developed?
a. When rigid sex-typed behaviour is learned
b. When parental attitudes encourage same-sex behaviour
c. When parental attitudes encourage cross-sex behaviour
d. When same-sex parent provides a model of same-sex behaviour

25. Which of the following are the ways to find brain growth spurts?
1. Velocity curves for brain weight.
2. Skull circumference
3. Development changes in the electrical activity of the cortex
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

26. Which one of the following is an example of genetic disorder resulting in mental retardation?
a. Cretinism
b. PKU
c. Turner's Syndrome

27. Consider the following statements :
1. a particular object
2. specific time
3. relevant space
4. conceptual dimensions
Which of the statements given above are correct ?
a. 1, 2 and 4 only
b. 1, 2 and 3 only
c. 3 and 4 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

28. What is approximate visual field covered by each human eye ?
a. 130 degrees
b. 160 degrees
c. 180 degrees
d. 220 degrees

29. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :
List-I (Part of Brain)
A. Frontal lobe
B. Occipital lobe
C. Parietal lobe
D. Temporal lobe
List-II (Function)
1. Auditory
2. Motor
3. Somesthetic
4. Visual
a. A-2 B-4 C-3 D-1
b. A-3 B-1 C-2 D-4
c. A-2 B-1 C-3 D-4
d. A-3 B-4 C-2 D-1

30. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :
A. Growth in nails
B. Riding a bicycle
C. Walking
D. Babinski response
1. Ontogenetic maturation
2. Reflex
3. Antagonistic change
4. Phylogenetic maturation
a. A-2 B-4 C-1 D-3
b. A-3 B-1 C-4 D-2
c. A-2 B-1 C-4 D-3
d. A-3 B-4 C-1 D-2

31. Which one of the following statements is correct? Epigenesis is
a. The unfolding of environmentally influenced characteristics
b. The unfolding of genetically influenced characteristics
c. The unfolding of both genetically and environmentally influenced characteristics
d. The unfolding of gene mutation

32. Consider the following statements :Males with Klinefelter's syndrome often
1. are impotent
2. have feminine characteristics such as breast development
which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

33. A man suffering from chromosomal anomaly is of above average height and with normal genital development but suffers from low fertility owing to reduced sperm production. Which one of the following combinations of chromosomes is present in the man?
a. XXX
b. XXY
c. YYY
d. XYY

34. One student in a class got an extremely low score of 10 out of 100 in a test. Which
of the following statistical measures will be affected by this low score?
1. Mean
2. Median
3. Range
4. Quartile deviation
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
a. 1 only
b. 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 2, 3 and 4 only

35. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :
A. Percentile score
B. Continuous score
C. Z score
D. Discrete score
1. No value exists between consecutive scores
2. Score having a given percentage of scores/subjects below it
3. Deviation of score from mean divided by its standard deviation
4. Score having no gaps between consecutive scores
a. A-1 B-3 C-4 D-2
b. A-2 B-4 C-3 D-1
c. A-1 B-4 C-3 D-2
d. A-2 B-3 C-4 D-1

36. If two variables X and Y have moderate positive correlation, then which of the following would be shown by a scatterplot
a. Circular pattern of dots
b. Upward sloping pattern of dots from lower-left to upper-right
c. Downward sloping pattern of dots from upper-left to lower-right
d. All dots on a straight line

37. In an educational survey, the five facilities-Arts, Commerce, Science,Education and law were coded as 1,2,3,4 and 5 respectively for the purpose of analysis. In which scale is this coding?
a. Nominal scale
b. Ordinal scale
c. Interval scale
d. Ratio scale

38. When the length of a standardized psychological test is increased by adding a few more items in the test
a. Both reliability and validity of the test will increase
b. Reliability will increase but validity will remain the same
c. Validity will increase but reliability will remain the same
d. There is no effect on reliability and validity of the test

39. Which one of the following is assumed when a psychological test is applied to two
equivalent groups of subjects and the two sets of scores are correlated?
a. Test-retest reliability
b. Concurrent validity
c. Reliability by method of rational equivalence
d. Cross-validation

40. In item analysis of test construction, p is considered as proportion of right answers
and q as proportion of wrong answers. The product of p and q will always lie between
a. -1 to +1
b. 0 to +1
c. 0 to 0.25
d. 0.05 to 0.95

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