Science is knowledge, often as opposed to intuition, belief,
etc. It is, in fact, systematized knowledge derived from
observation, study and experimentation carried on in order to
determine the nature or principles of what is being studied.
There are many sciences, each concerned with a particular field
of study. In each science measurement plays an important part.
In each science, too, a study is made of the laws according to
which objects react. Here are some sciences.
ACOUSTICSThe study of sound (or the science
ACROBATICS:The art of performing acrobatic
(i) The branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of air
and other gases.
(ii) The study of the motion and control of solid bodies like
aircraft, missiles, etc., in air
AERONAUTICS: The Science or art of flight.
AEROSTATICS:The branch of statics that deals
with gases in equilibrium and with gases and bodies in them.
AESTHETICS:The philosophy of fine arts.
AETIOLOGY:The science of causation.
AGROBIOLOGY:The science of plant life and plant
AGRONOMICS:The science of managing land or
AGRONOMY:The science of soil management and the
production of field crops.
AGROSTOLOGY:The study of grasses.
ALCHEMY:Chemistry in ancient times.
ANATOMY:The science dealing with the structure
of animals, plants or human body.
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ANTHROPOLOGY:The science that deals with the
origins, physical and cultural development of mankind.
ARBORICULTURE:Cultivation of trees and
ARCHAEOLOGY:The study of antiquities.
ASTROLOGY:The ancient art of predicting the
course of human destinies with the help of indications deduced
from the position and movement of the heavenly bodies.
ASTRONAUTICS:The science of space travel.
ASTRONOMY: - The study of the heavenly bodies.
ASTROPHYSICS:The branch of astronomy concerned
with the physical nature of heavenly bodies.
BACTERIOLOGY: The study of bacteria.
BIOCHEMISTRY: The study of chemical processes
of living things.
BIOLOGY: The study of living things.
BIOMETRY:The application of mathematics to the
study of living things.
BIONICS:The study of functions, characteristics
and phenomena observed in the living world and the application
of this knowledge to the world of machines.
BIONOMICS:The study of the relation of an
organism to its environments.
BIONOMY:The science of the laws of life.
BIOPHYSICS:The physics of vital processes
BOTANY:The study of plants.
CALISTHENICS:The systematic exercises for
attaining strength and gracefulness.
CARTOGRAPHY:Science of Map Making.
CERAMICS:The art and technology of making
objects from clay, etc. (Pottery).
CHEMISTRY:The study of elementary and their
laws of combination and behaviour.
CHEMOTHERAPY:The treatment of disease by using
CHRONOBIOLOGY:The study of the duration of
CHRONOLOGY:The science of arranging time in
periods and ascertaining the dates and historical order of past
CONCHOLOGY:The branch of zoology dealing with
the shells of mollusks.
COSMOGONY:The science of the nature of heavenly
COSMOGRAPHY: The science that describes and
maps the main feature of the universe.
COSMOLOGY:The science of the nature, origin and
history of the universe.
CRIMINOLOGY:The study of crime and criminals.
CRYTOGRAPHY:The study of ciphers (secret
CRYSTALLOGRAPHY:The study of the structure,
forms and properties of crystals.
CRYGENICS:The science dealing with the
production, control and application of very low temperatures.
CYTOCHEMISTRY:The branch of cytology dealing
with the chemistry of cells.
CYTOGENETICS:The branch of biology dealing with
the study of heredity from the point of view of cytology and
CYTOLOGY:The study of cells, especially their
formation, structure and functions.
DACTYLOGRAPHY:The study of fingerprints for the
purpose of identification.
DACTYLIOLOGY:The technique of communication by
signs made with the fingers. It is generally used by the deaf.
ECOLOGY:The study of the relation of animals
and plants to their surroundings, animate and inanimate.
ECONOMETRICS: The application of mathematics in
testing economic theories.
ECONOMICS:The science dealing with the
production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.
EMBRYOLOGY:The study of development of embryos.
ENTOMOLOGY:The study of insects.
EPIDEMIOLOGY:The branch of medicine dealing
with epidemic diseases.
EPIGRAPHY:The study of inscriptions.
ETHICS:Psychological study of moral principles.
ETHNOGRAPHY:A branch of anthropology dealing
with the scientific description of individual cultures.
ETHNOLOGY:A branch of anthropology that deals
with the origin, distribution and distinguishing characteristics
of the races of mankind.
ETHOLOGY:The study of animal behaviour.
ETYMOLOGY:The study of origin and history of
EUGENICS:The study of the production of better
offspring by the careful selection of parents.
GENEALOGY:The study of family ancestries and
GENECOLOGY:The study of genetical composition
of plant population in relation to their habitats.
GENESIOLOGY:The science of generation.
GENETICS:The branch of biology dealing with the
phenomena of heredity and the laws governing it.
GEOBIOLOGY:The biology of terrestrial life.
GEOBOTANY:The branch of botany dealing with all
aspects of relations between plants and the earth's surface.
GEOCHEMISTRY:The study of the chemical
composition of the earth's crust and the changes which take
place within it.
GEOGRAPHY:The development of science of the
earth's surface, physical features, climate, population, etc.
GEOLOGY:The science that deals with the
physical history of the earth.
GEOMEDICINE:The branch of medicine dealing with
the influence of climate and environmental conditions on health.
GEOMORPHOLOGY:The study of the characteristics,
origin and development of land forms.
GEOPHYSICS:The physics of the earth.
GERONTOLOGY:The study of old age, its
phenomena, diseases, etc.
HELIOTHEARPY: The sun cure.
HISTOLOGY:The study of tissues.
HORTICULTURE:The cultivation of flowers,
fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants.
HYDRODYNAMICS:The mathematical study of the
forces, energy and pressure of liquid in motion.
HYDROGRAPHY:The science of water measurements
of the earth with special reference of their use for navigation.
HYDROLOGY:The study of water with reference to
its occurrence and properties in the hydrosphere and atmosphere.
HYDROMETALLURGY:The process of extracting
metals at ordinary temperature by bleaching ore with liquids.
HYDROPATHY:The treatment of disease by the
internal and external use of water.
HYDROPONICS:The cultivation of plants by
placing the roots in liquid nutrient solutions rather than in
HYDROSTATICS: The mathematical study of forces
and pressure in liquids.
HYGIENE:The science of health and its
LCONOGRAPHY:Teaching with the aid of pictures
LCONOLOGY:The study of symbolic
JURISPRUDENCE:The science of law.
LEXICOGRAPHY:The writing or compiling of
MAMMOGRAPHY:Radiography of the mammary glands.
METALLOGRAPHY:The study of the crystalline
structures of metals and alloys.
METALLURGY:The process of extracting metals
from their ores.
METEOROLOGY:The science of the atmosphere and
METROLOGY:The scientific study of weights and
MICROBIOLOGY:The study of minute living
organisms, including bacteria, molds and pathogenic protozoa.
MOLECCULAR BIOLOGY:The study of the structure
of the molecules which are of importance in biology.
MORPHOLOGY:The science of organic forms and
MYCOLOGY:The study of fungi and fungus
NEUROLOGY:The study of the nervous system, its
functions and its disorders.
NEUROPATHOLOGY:The study of diseases of the
NUMEROLOGY:The study of numbers. The study of
the date and year of one's birth and to determine the influence
on one's future life.
NUMISMATICS:The study of coins and medals.
ODONTOGRAPHY:A description of the teeth.
ODONTOLOGY:The scientific study of the teeth.
OPTICS:The study of nature and properties of
ORNITHOLOGY:The study of birds.
ORTHOEPY:The study of correct pronunciation.
ORTHOPEDICS:The science of prevention,
diagnosis and treatment of diseases and abnormalities of
OSTEOLOGY:The study of the bones.
OSTEOPATHOLOGY:Any disease of bones.
OSTEOPATHY:A therapeutic system based upon
detecting and correcting faulty structure.
PALEOBOTANY:The study of fossil plants.
PALEONTOLOGY:The study of fossils.
PALYNOLOGY:The pollen analysis.
PATHOLOGY:The study of diseases.
PEDAGOGY:The art or method of teaching.
PHARYNGOLOGY:The science of the pharynx and its
PHENOLOGY:The study of periodicity phenomena of
PHILATELY:The collection and study of postage
stamps, revenue stamps, etc.
PHILOLOGY:The study of written records, their
PHONETICS:The study of speech sounds and the
production, transmission, reception, etc.
PHOTOBIOLOGY:The branch of biology dealing with
the effect of light on organisms.
PHENOLOGY:The study of the faculties and
qualities of minds from the shape of the skull.
PHTHISIOLOGY:The scientific study of
PHYCOLOGY:The study of algae.
PHYSICAL SCIENCE:The study of natural laws and
processes other than those peculiar to living matters, as in
physics, chemistry and astronomy.
PHYSICS:The study of the properties of matter.
PHYSIOGRAPHY:The science of physical geography.
PHYSIOLOGY:The study of the functioning of the
various organs of living beings.
PHYTOGENY:Origin and growth of plants.
POMOLOGY:The science that deals with fruits and
PSYCHOLOGY:The study of human and animal
RADIO ASTRONOMY:The study of heavenly bodies by
the reception and analysis of the radio frequency
electromagnetic radiations which they emit or reflect.
RADIOBIOLOGY:The branch of biology which deals
with the effects of radiations on living organisms.
RADIOLOGY:The study of X-rays and
RHEOLOGY:The study of the deformation and flow
SEISMOLOGY:The study of earthquakes and the
phenomena associated with it.
SELENOLOGY:The scientific study of moon, its
nature, origin, movements, etc.
SERICULTURE:The raising of silk worms for the
production of raw silk.
SOCIOLOGY:The study of human society.
SPECTROSCOPE:The study of matter and energy by
the use of spectroscope.
TELEOLOGY:These study of the evidences of
design or purpose in nature.
TELEPATHY:Communication between minds by some
means other than sensory perception.
THERAPEUTICS:The science and art of healing.
TOPOGRAPHY:A special description of a part or