A D V E R T I S E M E N T
measures to boost liquidity
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has
announced special measures to provide liquidity in the system, which may face a
cash crunch because of huge outgo on third generation (3G) telecom spectrum
licences and payment of advance tax by companies.
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On May 27, 2010, RBI allowed banks to avail of additional support under the
liquidity adjustment facility (LAF). Till July 2, banks have been permitted to
avail of support of up to 0.5 per cent of their net demand and time liabilities,
which will provide an additional liquidity support of over Rs 20,000 crore.
In addition, RBI said that as an ad hoc measure, banks can seek a waiver for any
shortfall in maintenance of the prescribed 25 per cent statutory liquidity ratio
(SLR) while availing the temporary facility.
A D V E R T I S E M E N T
cleared for first Defence University
More than 40 years after it was mooted, the Union Cabinet, on May 13, 2010, gave
its approval to set up the nation’s first defence university at Binola, around
20 km from Gurgaon. It would aim at imparting education on strategic challenges
to armed forces officials, bureaucrats, academicians, parliamentarians and
trainees at military academies.
To be established at an estimated Rs 300 crore, the institute would come up on
an area of about 200 acres. A sum of Rs 100 crore has been earmarked for land
acquisition. The existing defence educational institutions like the National
Defence College, New Delhi, College of Defence Management, Secunderabad,
National Staff College, Wellington, and National Defence Academy, Pune, would
also be affiliated to the INDU. At present, these institutions are attached to
various universities across the country.
The proposed university, which would be fully autonomous and constituted under
an Act of Parliament, would promote policy-oriented research on all aspects of
national security as part of the strategic national policy-making. The
university was first mooted in 1967 and the matter was accorded all seriousness
after the 1999 Kargil conflict.
The government had set up a Kargil Review Committee, headed by strategic expert
K. Subrahmanyam, which had recommended establishment of such a university to
exclusively deal with defence and strategic matters. It will encourage awareness
of national security issues by reaching out to scholars and an audience beyond
the official machinery.
practice without clearing exam
From September 2010, law graduates will have to clear an entry-level exam to be
eligible for legal practice. In a widely anticipated move, the Bar Council of
India—the regulator for the legal profession—has decided to implement its
decision of making aspiring lawyers walk the extra mile.
Till now, a law degree from a recognised university or a law institute was the
sole eligibility criterion for getting registered as a lawyer.
Emissions up, but way lower than US, China
Driven by higher industrial growth, energy production and transport, an
environment ministry report says the annual GHG (greenhouse gas) emission of
India increased by around 58 per cent from 1994 to 2007, but per capita
emissions were still much less than those of US or China. Greenhouse gas
emissions per unit of the GDP, however, declined by more than 30 per cent during
1994 and 2007, says the country’s updated emission inventory “India: Greenhouse
Gas Emissions 2007”.
The country’s net GHG emissions in 2007 were 1.9 billion tonnes compared to 1.2
billion tonnes in 1994. However against 1.5 tonnes of CO2 per capita in 1994,
the per capita GHG emission was estimated to be 1.7 tonnes of CO2 in 2007.
Even though India is ranked fifth in aggregate GHG emissions after US, China,
the European Union and Russia in its contribution to global warming, emissions
of US and China are almost four times that of India.
China and the US are the world's top emitters of greenhouse gases and
disagreement between the two on slashing their carbon dioxide output was a major
cause of the failure of the UN-sponsored climate change talks in 2009. At the
Copenhagen Summit, India announced its intent to further reduce the emission
intensity of the GDP by 20-25 per cent between 2005 and 2020 even as it pursues
the path of inclusive growth.
detector tests: SC
In a verdict expected to weaken cases against terrorists, other dreaded
criminals and high-profile offenders, the Supreme Court has cited “mental
privacy” to rule that police and other prosecuting agencies cannot forcibly
conduct lie detector tests—narco-analysis, polygraph or brain electrical
activation profile (BEAP, popularly known as brain mapping)—on accused, suspects
“Compulsory administration of any of these techniques is an unjustified
intrusion into the mental privacy of an individual. It would also amount to
cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment with regard to the language of evolving
international human rights norms,” a Bench comprising Chief Justice K.G.
Balakrishnan, R.V. Raveendran and J.M. Panchal held.
Further, placing reliance on the results gathered from these techniques would
come into conflict with the right to fair trial. “Invocations of a compelling
public interest cannot justify the dilution of constitutional rights such as the
right against self-incrimination” guaranteed under Article 20(3) of the
Constitution, the Bench said in the 251-page verdict.
The apex court also observed that the scientific validity of the techniques “has
been questioned and it is argued that their results are not entirely
reliable…empirical studies suggest that the drug-induced revelations need not
necessarily be true”.
The Bench said that before arriving at the conclusion it also assessed the
“tensions between the desirability of efficient investigation and the
preservation of individual liberties” and the reasoning that these techniques
“are a softer alternative to the regrettable and allegedly widespread use of
third degree methods by investigators”.
At the end, the apex court made it clear that the eight-point guidelines issued
by the National Human Rights Commission in 2000 for conducting narco-analysis
tests should be strictly adhered to. Among the guidelines were: No lie detector
tests should be administered except on the basis of consent of the accused. If
the accused volunteers for a lie detector test, he should be given access to a
lawyer and the physical, emotional and legal implication of such a test should
be explained to him by the police and his lawyer. The consent should be recorded
before a judicial magistrate.
warns inflation will remain high
The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has argued that
the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI’s) process of raising policy interest rates is
“still very low by historical standards”.
In a global economic outlook report, the Paris-based grouping warned: “With
inflation remaining elevated and the recovery appearing to have taken root,
there is a risk that price increases for inputs will flow through to
second-round increases and that inflationary expectations will become
destabilised. To mitigate this risk, sizeable further monetary tightening will
be required through 2010 and into 2011.”
OECD projected the inflation rate to be 7.7 per cent in 2010 and 6.1 per cent in
2011. It expected the consumer price index rise to be at 10.2 per cent in 2010
and still hovering at 6.3 per cent in 2011. The trade deficit has been projected
at $80 billion (imports of $405 billion) in 2010 and going up to $101 billion
(imports of $478 billion up 13.1 per cent from 2010) in 2011 and real GDP growth
in 2010 at 8.3 per cent and at 8.5 per cent in 2011.
OECD Chief Economist Pier Carlo Padoan said: “The outlook for inflation remains
the main downside risk, especially if monsoonal rainfall is again deficient. In
that case, food inflation would likely begin to risk anew. More generally, the
strong state of domestic demand could lead to persistently higher inflation and
an upward drift in inflationary expectations.”
Adding the context of anticipated deficit reduction being underpinned on
“expected revenue growth, asset sales and some more modest tax measures”, Padoan
added “the expected rebound in agricultural activity should help limit further
increase in food prices, which have been a major contributor to high inflation.
However, underlying inflationary pressures are likely to persist given the
strong outlook for demand. Timely policy action to limit the scope for
second-round price increases is, therefore, required. Monetary policy
normalisation is also important in the light of relatively modest fiscal
National Water Mission gets Cabinet nod
The Prime Minister's Council on Climate Change has approved the National Water
Mission, focusing on making water conservation a peoples' movement in the
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who chaired the meeting of the Council,
highlighted the need to create a general consciousness of the need to use water
in the most sustainable manner in view of its scarcity and assess the impact of
climate change on water.
The Council felt that to make the Mission a peoples' movement it was essential
to make available all data on water in the public domain, to be able to mobilise
citizens, local bodies and State governments for focused action on water
conservation and augmentation.
Members felt incentives should be provided for using water in a sustainable
manner and that the Research and Development requirements of the mission should
be focused upon.
Water Mission is one of the eight missions in the National Action Plan on
Climate Change launched by the Prime Minister in 2009 to tackle the threats of
The government has already launched Energy Efficient and Solar Mission while a
draft of Green Mission has been prepared for public consultation.
Economic growth better than expected
The Indian economy roared past estimates to post a whopping growth rate of 8.6%
in the January-March quarter of 2010. The quarter's strong showing also helped
India end the fiscal year with 7.4% growth, beating the earlier estimate of
7.2%. Manufacturing led the way, with a whopping 16.3% growth in the quarter and
10.8% overall, while even agriculture, which was expected to decline, ended with
marginal growth of 0.2% year-on-year after growing 0.7% in Q4.
The GDP growth rate had slowed to 6.7% in 2008-09 following the global economic
crisis, after topping 9% in the previous three years.
The first quarter growth in the gross domestic product (GDP) is better than
expected. In February, the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) had estimated
that the Indian economy would grow at 7.2% in 2009-10, with growth of 7.7% in
the fourth quarter. But the unexpectedly strong performance in the fourth
quarter helped boost the final figure to 7.4%.
The fourth-quarter showing is particularly commendable in the light of a sudden
dip in the third quarter to 6.5% from 8.6% in the second quarter due to the
impact of a drought-like situation in the country.
China is the only large economy with a higher growth rate at 11.9% in the
January-March quarter. The rest of the world is witnessing a fragile recovery,
which is now under threat due to the brewing Euro-zone crisis. The sixteen
developed countries in the Euro-zone expanded by just 0.2% in the quarter. At
the same time, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
(OECD)—a grouping of mostly developed countries including Europe that account
for over 60% of the global economy—grew at only 0.7% in the quarter, against
0.9% in the previous quarter. US and Japan grew at 0.8% and 1.2%, respectively.
The 7.4% growth in 2009-10 also showed that stimulus provided by government
of President Patil to China
Indian President Pratibha Patil visited Beijing from May 27, 2010. She is the
first Indian Head of State to visit China in a decade. She had been invited by
her Chinese counterpart Hu Jintao and her trip coincided with the 60th
anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and
During her visit, Patil inaugurated China’s first Indian-style Buddhist temple
in Luoyang city in Henan province.
Skirting contentious issues, she held discussions with the top Chinese
leadership. Controversial issues such as Chinese border incursions, stapled
visas for Kashmiris, Indian visas for Chinese telecom companies and Sino-Pak
ties did not figure in the discussions. Patil sought Chinese support for New
Delhi's permanent membership of the UNSC during talks. The Chinese leaders
supported India's aspirations for UNSC permanent seat and assured the Indian
leader that Beijing would back India’s bid in 2011’s election for a
non-permanent membership of the UNSC.
67,000 crore 3-G bonanza for government
The bidding frenzy for third generation (3-G) spectrum came to an end on May 19,
2010, with leading operators Bharti Airtel, Reliance Communications and Aircel
winning licences for 13 circles each. This was the 34th day of the auction and
it saw the price of a pan-India, or nationwide, licence touching Rs 16,828
crore, nearly five times its base price. No single operator could garner enough
cash to win bids for all the 22 circles that went under the hammer.
The government emerged as the biggest winner. The sale of wireless airwaves
would make it richer by at least Rs 67,719 crore, the double of what it had
targeted in the Union Budget 2010 and about 1 per cent of the country’s gross
The proceeds from the sale of 3G and BWA spectrum will together help the
government plug its fiscal deficit, projected at 5.5 per cent of GDP in the
Budget. The winning operators said if the government allots them spectrum as
promised, by September 1, they will be able to roll out 3G services in four to
Seventy per cent of the revenue for spectrum comes from only six circles, while
locations such as West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Assam and Jammu and Kashmir saw
licences being awarded at virtually the base price. The surprise package was
Bihar where the bids closed at Rs 203.46 crore, seven times its base price.
Kasab convicted of 26/11 attacks
On May 3, 2010, a Mumbai court found 22-year-old Pakistani national, Mohammad
Ajmal Kasab, guilty of mass murder and waging war against India, while
acquitting two other accused, Fahim Ansari and Sabahuddin Ahmed for want of
evidence, in the November 26, 2008 attacks on the city. Kasab is the lone
surviving gunman from the attacks that killed 166 people. He has been given the
“It was not a simple act of murder. It was war,” judge M.L. Tahiliyani said in a
summary of the 1,522 page judgement. “This type of preparation is not made by
ordinary criminals. This type of preparation is made by those waging war.”
The court also held 20 other accused, including Lashkar-e-Tayiba founder Hafiz
Saeed, its operations chief Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi and Abu Hamza, guilty of
Pakistan withdraws objection to J-K power projects
In a significant development, Pakistan, on May 30, 2010, withdrew its objection
to construction of Uri-II and Chutak hydel power projects in Jammu and Kashmir.
At the Indus Water Commissioner-level talks in New Delhi, the Pakistani side
said it had no objection to the designs of the two power projects after the
Indian side provided details of these.
Pakistan had earlier raised objections over the 240 MW Uri-II project being
constructed on Jhelum river in Kashmir valley and the 44 MW Chutak plant being
built on Suru, a tributary of Indus river in Kargil district of Jammu and
Kashmir's Ladakh province. Pakistan had claimed that the projects would deprive
it of its share of water.
Justice Sarosh Homi Kapadia is the news CJI
exercise of the powers conferred by clause (2) of Article 124 of the
Constitution of India, the President appointed Shri
Justice Sarosh Homi Kapadia, Judge of the Supreme Court, to be the Chief Justice
of India with effect from the 12th May,2010 (Forenoon).
Strategy to enhance Oil Reserves of India
International Energy Agency in its
latest annual publication, World Energy Outlook 2009 has projected world oil
production to increase from 83.1 Million Barrels Per
Day (MBPD) in 2008 to 86.6 MBPD in 2014-15 and further to 103 MBPD in 2030.
The “Peak Oil Theory” have
predicted from time to time that the world’s oil production has peaked and it is
likely to decline in the future.
A strategy has been
formulated to enhance oil reserves in the country, so that our dependence on
world’s oil reserves could be reduced in future. This includes:
i. Carving out more and
more areas of exploration for offer under various rounds of New Exploration
Licensing Policy(NELP)/Coal Bed Methane(CBM)
of Enhanced Oil
(EOR)/Improved Oil Recovery (IOR) techniques for increasing recovery from
existing fields and use of stimulation techniques for increasing production
from existing fields.
Acquisition of exploration acreages and oil producing properties
to bring in equity oil.
Construction of a Strategic Storage of crude oil of 5 MMT capacity at three
locations viz. Visakhapatnam, Mangalore and Padur for meeting unforeseen
situations arising out of short term supply disruptions etc.
Major domestic successes
have been the production of natural gas from KG basin and crude oil from Barmer
Oil Field last year.
has been able to secure significant hydrocarbon assets abroad which include
acquisition of Imperial Energy by
OVL and 18% interest in a major oil
project in Venezuela.
may Disinvestment 10% more
The Ministry of Finance
(Department of Disinvestment) had made a reference to Ministry of Mines in
March, 2010 to consider disinvestment of 10% equity out of the remaining 87.15%
of total paid up capital held by the Government of India in
National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO).
The Ministry of Mines has
referred the matter to NALCO to study the advantages and disadvantages of the
NALCO’s equity is already with the
public and the proposal to offload another 10% was made to broad base the public
ownership of the Company and to unlock further value.
Singh – The only ‘five-star’ rank officer of IAF
A life-like portrait of the Marshal of
the Indian Air Force Arjan Singh
DFC was unveiled by Air Chief
Marshal PV Naik at IAF’s Akash Officers’ Mess, New Delhi.
The portrait of the icon, venerated by the
nation at large and
IAF in particular was painted by
renowned painter Shri Sanjay Bhattacharyya whose other portraits of former
Presidents also adorn the precincts of Rashtrapati Bhavan, the Parliament
House and other distinguished institutions.
The Marshal who celebrated his 92nd birthday on April 15, last
month was commissioned as a fighter pilot in Dec 1939. He was Chief of the
Air Staff from Aug 1964 to Jul 1969. He was conferred the rank of Marshal
ofthe Indian Air Force on Jan 26, 2002 making him
the only ‘five-star’ rank officer of the
IAF till date.
Srinagar doctor is first Kashmiri to top UPSC exams
Srinagar: It was a battle against all odds for 26-year-old Faesal Shah after his
father was killed by militants in 2001, but the medico overcame the trauma to
become the first Kashmiri to top the
Civil Service Exams.
Celebrations erupted in
Faesal’s native village Sogam in Lolab valley, 115 kms from here, as the news of
his achievement reached the residents.
Faesal’s mother Mubeena, a
teacher in government school, ensured that her children are able to continue
their education after their father Ghulam Rasool Shah, also a teacher, was
killed by militants in Kupwara in 2001.
MBBS degree holder who topped the
prestigious examination in his maiden attempt, said it
is a dream come true and a proud moment for his
“My father was a great
inspiration. He was a great teacher. I gathered my courage and ultimate it is
the effort I put in that paid the results,” Faesal, who is in Delhi, told PTI.
His brother Shahnawaz Shah
is also doctor. Faisal did his schooling from local
high school in Sogam and Bisco higher secondary Srinagar. He was selected in
MBBS in 2003 and got his medical degree from government medical college Srinagar.
“He was a born
genius. I saw some extraordinary capabilities and
qualities in him and advised him to prepare for
IAS examination,” gushed his maternal
uncle Professor Wali Mohammad, senior scientist in S K University of
Agricultural and Science and Technology.
Faesal, he said, wanted to
become a Kashmir Police Service officer and had applied for Kashmir
Administrative Services but due to a clash inexamination dates, he opted for IAS.
“He left his internship and
went to Delhi to prepare for IAS examination. By dint of hardwork he topped,” he
Wali said Faesal should be
an inspiration to students especially from rural areas. “If they work with
dedication, sky is the limit,” he said.
Jammu and Kashmir Chief
Minister Omar Abdullah congratulated Faesal saying that given a level-playing
field, Kashmiris can compete with the best in the country.
Faesal topped the list of
875 candidates who qualified in the
Civil Service Exam 2009 after a rigorous screening and testing process.
“Faesal has shown a way
forward to young Kashmiri boys and girls. He rose from adversity to clinch the
top spot in the prestigiousexamination in his first attempt. He has shown that
given a level-playing field, Kashmiris can compete with the best in the
country,” Omar said while extending his best wishes to the young doctor.
Union Minister for
Non-conventional and Renewable Energy Farooq Abdullah also congratulated Faesal
saying, “it is a matter of pride for the entire state. I complement this boy for
overcoming all the adversities to achieve this feat.”
Another youth Showkat Ahmad
Parray of north Kashmir’s Baramulla district has also excelled in UPSC
examination. Parray, a resident of Wizer village, 55 kms from here got 256th
rank in the all-India test.
After completing his
graduation in 2008, Parray could not continue studies because of poor economical
conditions and was searching for a job to support his family. He was recruited
as a veterinary assistant surgeon in the department of Sheep Husbandry this
“I was not in a position to
go for coaching anywhere. My father, a power development
department employee, could not afford to support me economically and I prepared
at home,” he said.
He found BVSC and AH degree
tougher than civil service test and said for a BVSC
holder cracking it is easier.
“I did not prepare with
enthusiasm as my perception was that IAS is beyond my capability. But after
Shahid, also a veterinarian, qualified for IAS last year, it became a source of
inspiration for me,” Parray told PTI on phone.
Securing the second rank in
civil service examination in his second attempt, Prakash
Rajpurohit, an engineering graduate from IIT Delhi, is elated.
“I am very happy. It was my
second attempt and I had to work very hard,” he said.
Rajpurohit did not take any
coaching and studied on his own. Son of a manager of public sector company
Seaton India Ltd, Rajpurohit completed his class-XII from DAV
Public School in Dayanand Vihar here.
Devoting 8-10 hours daily
for preparation for two years, Prakash gave the exam twice, in 2008 and then in
“My parents helped me a
lot. If I required any material for studies, they used to get it for me,” said
He wants to join the
Rajasthan IAS cadre because it is his home state. “IAS has a lot of diversity
and challenge and also gives a chance for public service,” he said.
Securing the third rank in
civil service examination, Iva Sahay said “I am humbled. I wanted the top rank.
But even if I’ve got the third rank I am happy. Looking at the kind of struggle
the top ranker from Srinagar has gone through, I am totally humbled to get the
Iva has done MA in
Geography from JNU and she was preparing for the examination since October 2008.
She said she will take up IAS stream.
“I want to join the IAS
cadre because I want to be a part and parcel of what is happening in the
country. I do not want to be away from the country,” she said.
Her father is a professor
in Allahabad University and her mother is a lecturer in a
college in Bihar. She used to study for 16 hours everyday.
Topper breaks many myths
literature subjects are not scoring
can’t clear this exam with out expensive coaching in Delhi
can’t get selected on your first attempt
He not only qualified but
even topped the exam.
“I feel I have broken the
jinx that Kashmiri students cannot reach the top. I am the first from J&K to top
this examination and I am sure my story will become a
model for our students who fear to dream big. I am an
orphan with a scarred childhood. There was a tragedy in my family, my father was
killed. I was raised by my mother who is a schoolteacher. I belong to a
far-flung village in Lolab and I studied in a government school.”
didn’t take any formal coaching for the exam. “I took
Public Administration as a subject and for sometime studied geography too. But
then I decided to study Urdu literature. I an emotionally attached to the
While he put his doctor’s
training aside to prepare for the exam — unheard of in a state where medicine
and engineering are among the most coveted professions —Faisal picked up another
vocation in the meantime. He is also an active RTI activist.
Among those who inspired
him to take the civil services exam were his late
maternal grandfather Mohammad Maqbool Wani. He qualified for the Indian Forest
Service 45 years ago, but disappeared while on his way for training.
Corruption in Rural
Ministry of Rural Development has
developed a comprehensive system of monitoring the implementation of the
programs including utilization of funds through Periodical Progress Reports,
Performance Review Committee Meetings, Area Officer’s
Scheme, Vigilance and Monitoring
Committees at the State and District Levels and National Level Monitors.
State Governments and Union Territory Administrations have been advised
to adopt a five-pronged strategy to improve the implementation of the rural
development schemes consisting of
(i) creation of awareness
about the schemes,
(iv) accountability, social
(v) vigilance and
monitoring of rural development programs at all levels to achieve maximum
Government gives a $11 bn push to infrastructure
The government plans to create a Rs
50,000-crore ($11 billion) dedicated fund to set right the country’s creaking
infrastructure and could raise 40% of the corpus from
overseas investors, launching yet another assault on a problem that has defied
solution for long and cramped India’s growth
The government plans to
raise Rs 20,000 crore, or $4.4 billion, from foreign pension, insurance and
sovereign wealth funds, and the remainder from domestic institutions.
The government plans to
constitute a committee to chalk out modalities in the next two weeks for the
fund-raising exercise to start at the Indo-US CEO forum next month.
Deepak Parekh, the chairman
of Housing Development
Finance Corp, and often a top troubleshooter for the government, will head the
Construction of physical
infrastructure has been lagging in India, unlike China. The absence of a strong
bond market and worries about project delays and returns have been holding back
private investment. Power generation, road building, port construction and
airport modernisation have fallen behind targets for
to raise funds from Market sources
National Highways Authority of
India (NHAI)’s top brass met with fund arrangers, merchant bankers, investors,
rating agencies and stakeholders with an aim to highlight its funding
requirement for the National Highways Development
According to NHAI Chairman
Mr. Brijeshwar Singh, the objective of building 20 km road every day had placed
a huge financial strain on the government.
development target has been cramped into 5 years with awarding process for
nearly 36,000 km to be completed in the next 3 years.
Currently, the central road
cess and the 54 EC tax exemption bonds were the main source of funding for the
government’s portion in the highways project.
However, the government was
depending on a number of other sources like market borrowings, FDI and
additional toll revenue to finance the 7-phase NHDP
with Slum Population of 50000 and above
The Ministry of Housing and
Urban Poverty Alleviation has released funds under the
Central Plan Scheme named ‘Urban Statistics for HR & Assessments (USHA)’ to all
State Governments in the country for the conduct of slum survey in cities and
towns having population above one lakh (as
per census 2001). State Governments have initiated action to conduct surveys.
The Government has
launched Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) to assist
Andhra Pradesh in taking up housing and infrastructural facilities for the urban
poor in 65 cities in the country under the Basic Services
to the Urban Poor (BSUP) Programme.
For other cities/towns, the Integrated Housing and Slum
development Programme (IHSDP)
has been introduced. The components for assistance include provision of Basic
Services to Urban Poor including security to tenure at affordable prices,
improved housing, water supply and sanitation. The convergence of already
existing universal services for health, education & social security is also
stipulated under the JNNURM Guidelines.
Initiatives to increase Nursing in the Country
In order to meet the shortage of
nurses and bring the availability of nursing personnel
at par with the developed countries new schemes are being envisaged for
promoting nursing in the country.The following initiatives
Opening of 132 ANM
(Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery) schools at an estimated cost of
Rs.5.00 crores per school.
137 GNM (General Nursing and Midwifery) Schools at an estimated cost of
Rs.10.00 crores per school. Care will be taken to open these schools in
those districts, where there are no such schools at
present, thereby ensuring that all the districts of the
country will have at least one Nursing School
in the next two years.
14 State Nursing
Councils are being strengthened at estimated cost of Rs. 1.00 crore per
In another 14 cases
Nursing Cells in Directorate of Health Services in the States are being
strengthened at an estimated cost of Rs.1.00 crore per State.
Nursing Colleges are being opened at estimated
cost of Rs.20.00 Crore per College.
Other measures such as
liberalisation of the norms to encourage setting up of more nursing institutions
are also taken. For example, the student patient ratio has been relaxed from 1:5
to 1:3, and adoption of a pragmatic approach in respect of faculty requirements
and the qualifications and experience norms and the upper age limit of faculty
has also been relaxed.
Similarly, super speciality
hospitals have been allowed to start M.Sc. programmes
without insisting on having graduate programmes; married females have been
allowed admission in nursing course.
Similarly, 100 nursing
seats would be allowed to parent hospitals without
insisting on a Medical College.
Maharatnas of India
blue chip companies Oil & Natural Gas Corp (ONGC),
SAIL, NTPC and Indian Oil Corp (IOC)
have been declared ‘maharatnas’, a status that gives them enormous
financial powers and greater operational autonomy.
The new status
empowers their boards make investments up to Rs 5,000 crore without the
So far, these
companies were classified as `navratnas’ with powers to take investment
decision up to Rs 1,000 crore without the government’s approval.
The exercise of
Maharatna powers would be subject to the same conditions and
guidelines as laid down by the government in
respect of navratnas from time to time.
Condition of Slums in India
Some important findings of
the survey are given below.
· About 49 thousand slums
were estimated to be in existence in urban India in 2008-09, 24% of them were
located along nallahs and drains and 12% along railway lines.
· About 57% of slums were
built on public land, owned mostly by local bodies, state
· In 64% of notified slums,
a majority of the dwellings were pucca, the
corresponding percentage for the non-notified ones
· For 95% slums, the major
source of drinking water was either tap or tubewell.
· Only 1% notified and 7%
non-notified slums did not have electricity connection.
· About 78% of notified
slums and 57% of the non-notified slums had a pucca road inside the slum.
· About 73% notified and
58% non-notified slums had a motorable approach road.
· About 48% of the slums
were usually affected by waterlogging during monsoon – 32% with inside of slum
waterlogged as well as approach road to the slum, 7% where the slum was
waterlogged but not the approach road, and 9% where only the approach road was
waterlogged in the monsoon.
· The sanitary conditions
in the slums in terms of latrine facility during 2008-09 showed considerable
improvement since 2002. Latrines with
septic tanks (or similar facility) were available in
68% notified and 47% non-notified slums (up from 66% and 35% respectively in
2002). At the other extreme, 10% notified and 20% non-notified slums (down from
17% and 51% in 2002) did not have any latrine facility at all.
· About 10% notified and
23% non-notified slums did not have any drainage facility. The corresponding
proportions in 2002 had been 15% for notified and 44% for non-notified slums.
Underground drainage systems or drainage systems
constructed of pucca materials existed in about 39% notified slums (25% in 2002)
and 24% non-notified slums (13% in 2002).
· Underground sewerage
existed in about 33% notified slums (30% in 2002) and 19% non-notified slums
(15% in 2002).
· Government agencies were
collecting garbage from 75% notified and 55% non-notified slums. Among these
slums, garbage was collected at least once in 7 days in 93% notified and 92%
non-notified slums. About 10% notified and 23% non-notified slums did not have
any regular mechanism for garbage disposal.
· Over the last five years,
facilities had improved in about 50% of notified slums in terms of roads (both
within-slum road and approach road) and water supply. The incidence of
deterioration of any of the existing facilities in notified slums during the
last five years was quite low (about 6% or below).
· In case of most slum
facilities – sewerage and medical facilities being exceptions – the facility was
reported to have improved during the last five years in more than 20% of
non-notified slums. Deterioration of any of the existing facilities in
non-notified slums, like notified slums, was rare (about 9% or below).
· Facilities such as street
light, latrine, drainage, sewerage and medical facilities were each reported by
more than 10% of notified slums to be non-existent both at the
time of survey and five years earlier. In case of
non-notified slums, facilities like street light, latrine, drainage, sewerage
and garbage disposal were each reported by more than 20% of the slums to be
non-existent, both duringthe survey and five years earlier.
· Where improvement had
been brought about during the last 5 years, it was due to the Government’s
efforts in about 80-90% of slums, both notified as well as non-notified and for
all the facilities.Improvement in educational facilities at primary level was
attributed to NGOs in 13% of the notified slums where such improvement was
reported. NGOs were also found to have played a role in the improvement of
latrine and sewerage system in non-notified slums.
The percentage distribution
of slums in some major States by type of ownership of land is given at Annexure.
Broadband to village panchayats by 2012
The government plans to connect
villages and class rooms of the country with knowledge
centers in a big way and has allocated sufficient funds for this purpose.
The government plans to
provide all the village panchayats with broadband connectivity by 2012 and
village public telephone facility to all the villages by 2011.
has come a long way in the information technology
sector and a mere 2 percent teledensity during 1995 has risen to over 50 percent
by this year.
Centralised Processing Center for Income Tax
The introduction of electronic filing of I-T returns, e-payment of
taxes, establishment of the national network (TAXNET), and consolidation of
the Regional Computer Centers into the National Data Center have laid the
foundation for the next generation administrative reforms in the
Income Tax Department.
The recent notification of the SARAL II form by the Department
would simplify the task of complying with the Income Tax
reporting requirements for the taxpayer.
The dedication to the nation of the
Centralized Processing Center (CPC) of the Income Tax Department in
Bengaluru. Bengaluru, the IT Capital and Silicon Valley of India, was
appropriately chosen as the location for the first CPC. The setting-up of
CPC is a big step in the utilization of technology for bringing in
administrative reforms within theIncome Tax Department.
To adopt best global practices, CBDT is in
cooperation with Brazil and South Africa under India-Brazil-South
Africa (IBSA) Forum. Under this cooperation, one of the areas is relating to
risk profiling and computerization.